Common Questions About Kidney Disease and Diabetes
Understanding Kidney Disease and Diabetes
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC ) chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects 37 million adults in the United States — and having diabetes increases the risk of kidney failure. Understanding the link between kidney disease and diabetes can help you manage and treat both of these conditions.
What Is Diabetes?
There are two types of diabetes, and both occur when your body does not produce enough insulin or does not utilize the insulin it produces correctly.
Type 1 Diabetes
While type 1 diabetes can be diagnosed at any age, it typically starts in childhood or young adulthood. People with type 1 diabetes do not produce enough insulin. Along with a special diet, patients with diabetes are treated by administering insulin through shots or an insulin pump.
Type 2 Diabetes
With type 2 diabetes, the body produces some insulin, but the body does not use it properly. While type 2 diabetes can be hereditary, it may be preventable with diet and exercise. Type 2 diabetes is mostly seen in people over 40 years of age, as well as African Americans, American Indians, Latin Americans, and Asian Americans.
How Does Diabetes Affect The Kidneys?
Diabetes can cause damage to small blood vessels throughout your body, including those in the kidneys. Blood vessel damage may impact how well your kidneys clean your blood. When your kidneys can’t filter and cleanse blood efficiently, it can lead to water retention, swelling, and build-up of toxins in your blood.
Can CKD Be Prevented if You Have Diabetes?
If you have diabetes, here are some things you can do to reduce your risk of developing CKD:
- Control blood sugar
- Monitor blood pressure
- Keep an eye on cholesterol levels
- Adopt a healthy diet and exercise routine
If you’ve been diagnosed with both diabetes and kidney disease, it’s essential to keep up with your doctor visits and treatments.
If you are concerned about CKD and diabetes, visit our blog to learn more about the risk factors and treatment options that may be right for you.